Certain infectious diseases can be transmitted between animals and humans. They are called zoonoses. They are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.
Contamination of humans from animals can occur in different ways, depending on the disease:
- by contact of contaminants with the skin or mucous membranes
- by air (contaminated dust or droplets you breathe)
- by bite, injury or bite
- by contact with a contaminated object or hands with the mouth.
Food-borne animal diseases are called foodborne illness.